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Can an employer refuse to hire a person with a criminal record?

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In Canada, protection for job applicants with criminal records varies by province.  

However, each province has its own human rights legislation with provisions on this matter. If you work for a federally regulated industry, such as telecommunications or the Canadian government, your rights will fall under federal legislation. If your position, or the position you are applying for, falls under federal jurisdiction, you are protected if you have a pardon or Record Suspension.
Laws by province In Ontario, Nunavit and the Northwest Territories, you cannot be discriminated against on the basis of a criminal conviction for which a pardon or Record Suspension has been received.

In British Columbia, Quebec and Newfoundland and Labrador there is some protection for people without pardons, if the conviction is unrelated to the post. For example, if you want to be a landscaper, but you have a fraud conviction, you may be protected by the legislation.

Some provinces do not mention criminal conv…